WASHINGTON, D.C. — As Americans prepare to celebrate the 125th anniversary of Labor Day on Monday, Gallup’s latest measurement on labor union membership finds that 10% of full- and part-time U.S. workers belong to a union. This marks the second year in a row of the lowest level of union membership in over 15 years: from 2003 to 2017, union workers made up an average of 13% of the American workforce.
- Over one-third of government employees (37%) belong to a union, versus 6% of all private sector employees.
- Workers in the South are the least likely of any U.S. region to report being part of a union, with 5% saying they belong to a union. That contrasts with 15% and 14% of workers in the East and West, respectively. In the Midwest — where organized labor and right-to-work laws have been the subject of intense political debate in recent years — 10% of workers say they are union members.
- 14% of workers reporting an annual household income of $100,000 or more are members of a union, compared with 3% of those in households earning less than $40,000 per year.
- Employed Americans aged 35 to 54 (13%) are more than twice as likely as those aged 18 to 34 (6%) to be members of organized labor.
Labor Union Membership Among U.S. Workers, 2018-2019Based on U.S. adults employed full or part time
|Member of a union||Number of interviews|
|Employed U.S. adults||10||1294|
|18 to 34||6||326|
|35 to 54||13||562|
|$40,000 to <$100,000||11||517|
|Private sector employee||6||693|
|Based on aggregated data from August 2018 and August 2019|